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El futuro.- Muchas veces nos encontramos con que el inglés, hoy en día, es un requisito indispensable en nuestro currículum porque nos abre muchas puertas. Es por eso que entendemos lo importante que es y te traemos este tema tan importantísimo para que puedas ser mejor en la vida y ligarte una extranjera con la que puedas platicar de esto. 

Well, now that I have your attention, let’s talk about Time Travel. What it is? How it works? And if it is possible to travel back and forth in time or if it just a science fiction mumble jumble that we can only experience on the screen of our devices.

Amelia Pond, Time Traveler (Karen Gillian, Doctor Who)

What it is?

Time Travel has been a popular topic for science fiction for decades. Franchises ranging from “Doctor Who” to “Star Trek” to “Back to the Future” have seen humans get in a vehicle of some sort and arrive in the past or future, ready to take on new adventures. The reality, however, is more muddled. Not all scientists believe that time travel is possible. Some even say that an attempt would be fatal to any human who chooses to undertake it.

While most people think of time as a constant, physicist Albert Einstein showed that time is an illusion; it is relative — it can vary for different observers depending on your speed through space. To Einstein, time is the “fourth dimension.” Space is described as a three-dimensional arena, which provides a traveler with coordinates — such as length, width and height —showing location. Time provides another coordinate — direction — although conventionally, it only moves forward.

Rachel McAdams (left) and Kate Beckinsale (right) played Time Travelers wives. McAdams in “The Time Traveler’s Wife” and “About Time” and Beckinsale in “Click”

How it works?

Einstein’s theory of special relativity says that time slows down or speeds up depending on how fast you move relative to something else. Approaching the speed of light, a person inside a spaceship would age much slower than his twin at home. Also, under Einstein’s theory of general relativity, gravity can bend time.

Picture a four-dimensional fabric called space-time. When anything that has mass sits on that piece of fabric, it causes a dimple or a bending of space-time. The bending of space-time causes objects to move on a curved path and that curvature of space is what we know as gravity.

Emily Blunt travel without knowing alongside Tom Cruise in “Edge of Tomorrow”

Is it possible?

General relativity also provides scenarios that could allow travelers to go back in time, according to NASA. The equations, however, might be difficult to physically achieve.

One possibility could be to go faster than light, which travels at 186,282 miles per second (299,792 kilometers per second) in a vacuum. Einstein’s equations, though, show that an object at the speed of light would have both infinite mass and a length of 0. This appears to be physically impossible, although some scientists have extended his equations and said it might be done.

A linked possibility, NASA stated, would be to create “wormholes” between points in space-time. While Einstein’s equations provide for them, they would collapse very quickly and would only be suitable for very small particles. Also, scientists haven’t actually observed these wormholes yet. Also, the technology needed to create a wormhole is far beyond anything we have today.

Hermione Granger, Time Traveled (Emma Watson in Harry Potter 3)

Time Machines

It is generally understood that traveling forward or back in time would require a device — a time machine — to take you there. Time machine research often involves bending space-time so far that time lines turn back on themselves to form a loop, technically known as a “closed time-like curve.”

time-travel research suggests time machines are possible without exotic matter. The work begins with a doughnut-shaped hole enveloped within a sphere of normal matter. Inside this doughnut-shaped vacuum, space-time could get bent upon itself using focused gravitational fields to form a closed time-like curve. To go back in time, a traveler would race around inside the doughnut, going further back into the past with each lap. This theory has a number of obstacles, however. The gravitational fields required to make such a closed time-like curve would have to be very strong, and manipulating them would have to be very precise.

Y ahí lo tienes, ahora podrás tener un tema de conversación interesante para ligarte extranjeras.

Clara Oswald, Time Traveler (Jenna Coleman in Doctor Who)

 

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